This is an oceanic species that lives mostly beyond the edge of the continental shelf in tropical and temperate waters around the world; seems to prefer warmer waters. Studies of feeding habits, based on stomach contents of stranded animals, suggest that this species feeds in deep water on cephalopods and, less often, on deep-sea fishes and shrimps (Caldwell & Caldwell, 1989; Jefferson et al. 1993; Santos & Haimovici, 1998). This species appears to be common in the Kimbe Bay, West New Britain (Bismarck Archipelago). Apart from the records mentioned below there is a surprising lack of documented records of K. breviceps, which is likely to reflect the lack of cetacean studies in Papuan waters. West Papua: three individuals north of the Vogelkop on 29 August 1991 (Rudolph, Smeenk & Leatherwood, 1997). Papua New Guinea: unknown number of individuals sighted about 20 nautical miles south-east of Lae, Morobe Province on September 10th 2000 (Clark, 2000). Visser (2003) observed an individual north of the Walindi Plantation Resort (East New Britain) on April 3rd 2003 and again in the same area on April 6th 2003, with acoustic data collected to confirm the identity. Miller (2007) listed these records as unidentified Kogia species as the closely-related K. sima could not be ruled out based on the photographic material available.